Nicolaus Copernicus was a mathematician and astronomer who believed in a solar system in which the Sun is only slightly off from the center. It was known as the heliocentric solar system. Although his belief is similar to how we view the solar system today, he was afraid of publishing his work in fear of the church.
Several centuries later came the Space Race. It was strange to think that contemporary space age development started only after World War II with the invention of the atomic bomb. Sputnik, a satellite, was launched by the USSR in 1957 prompting the Space Race. Every nation began competing with one another in terms of space exploration. The Russians sent Laika, a dog, into space proving that creatures are able to survive in space. Followed by Laika, came Ham, the chimpanzee, which was sent to space by America and successfully returned alive. Ham's flight into space proved once again that living creatures can survive in space.
It is amazing to see how space affected art. After entering space came many TV shows such as the Jetsons, Star Trek, and Star Wars. Theories of alien life followed prompting people to create movies involving aliens such as E.T. We can see how much space exploration has affected artists and intrigued their imagination regarding space. Furthermore, art is also affecting science. The science fiction that artists think and come up with influences scientists. The imagination of a space elevator prompted scientists to research the possibilities of creating a real one. Even with space, I continue to see the real relationship between science and art. My initial thoughts before this course were disproved. Artists and scientists are not separate but rely and relate with each other.
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